Table of Japanese counters

This table shows how the sounds of counters change with the sound of the numbers.
You have to be careful with special combination between the numbers and the counters.

* (    ) means the change is optional.

* An empty box means the sound change does not occur.

regular   h ¨‚ h ¨p/b p k k ¨‚‡ s s ¨z t special vocabulary
1 ichi   ipp ipp (ipp) ikk ikk iss iss itts hitotsu tsuitachi hitori 1
2 ni   futatsu futsuka hutari 2
3 san   p b g z mittsu mikka 3
4 yon shi yo  yo p yottsu yokka 4
5 go   itsutsu itsuka yonin 5
6 roku   ropp ropp rokk rokk muttsu muika 6
7 nana shichi shichi


nanatsu nanoka nana nin
shichi nin
8 hachi   (happ) happ (happ) hakk hakk hass hass hatts yattsu yooka 8
9 kyu ku ku   kokonotsu kokonoka 9
10 juu   jupp jupp jupp jukk jukk juss juss jutts too tooka 10
How many *nan   p b g z ikutsu nannichi How many
 Counters    doru
 gatsu  ji  nen  fun  hon  peeji  kagetsu  kai (floor)  sento  soku  tsuu  age of  people
20: hatachi
(number of people)
 en    jikan  nenkan  funkan  hai  pondo  ka  ken  shuukan      10th: tooka    
 mai          hiki    kai    satsu  *sen   small items (only 1-9)  20th: hatsuka    
 do         *hyaku    ko   * sai        14th: juuyokka    
 *juu                          24th: nijuuyokka    
 man                          19th: juukunichi    
 wa                          19th: nijuukunichi    
 dai                          17th: juushichinichi    
 yuuro                          others: regular number{nichi    

* 10 (juu), 20 (nijuu), 30 (sanjuu)...100 (hyaku), 200 (nihyaku), 300 (sanbyaku)...1000 (sen), 2000 (nisen), 3000 (sanzen)...10000 (ichiman), 20000 (niman)........
* nan + counter : how many `@irregular: nanpun, nanbon, nangai, nanzoku, etc.

 counters  used for  note
 doru  $  
 en  Japanese yen  
 mai  paper, plate, shirt, skirt, jacket, curtain, ticket, picture,  postcard,  envelope, etc  flat items
* When you mail a letter or postcard, "tsuu" is used.
   When you buy a postcard, "mai" is used
 do  degree (temperature, angle), frequency(times)  "kai" is also used for frequency
 gatsu  month  * April: 4 (shi)gatsu, July: 7 (shichi)gatsu, September:  9 (ku)gatsu
 ji  o'clock  
 jkan  hour  period
 nen  year  
 nenkan  for (   ) years  period
 fun  minute  
 funkan  for (   ) minutes  period
 hon  pen, bottle, tree, stick, spoon, folk, knife, umbrella, banana, cigarette, etc.  long and narrow items
 hai  served water, coffee, tea, alocholic drinks in a vessal/ cup, etc  
 hiki  small animal, insect except butterfly, fish  cat, dog,
 too  big animal  cow, horse, elephant, whale, dolphin
 wa  butterfly, rabit, bird  
 dai  car, bicycle, motorcycle, mashine, TV, radio, camera, etc  
 peeji  page  
 pondo  pound  
 yuuro  euro  
 ka  a lesson  Lesson 10: jukka
 kai  times  
 ko  small items (egg, orange, apple, desk, chair..rice bowl, etc.)  
 kai  floor  the third basement: chika sangai
 ken  house  "too" is used for apartment, big building
 sneto  cent  
 shuukan  for (    ) weeks  period
 satsu  book, magazine, notebook, textbook, etc.  
 soku  shoes, socks, slippers, sandals  
 tsuu  letter  
 sai  age  "tsu" is also used for 1-10 years old.
 nichi  date on the calender  
 ka  for (    ) days ichinichi, futsuka, mikka, yokka, itsuka, muka, nanoka, yooka, tooka,
juuichinichi... or add "kan" except "ichinichi" such as futsukakan, mikkakan, yokkakan.
 tsu  age (for 1-9) years

samll items (egg, orange, apple, desk, chair..rice bowl, etc.)
over 10 years old: too/ jussai, juuissai, juunisai.....hatachi

* There are two types of numeral.
   1. Kango suushi : Chinese origin, ichi/ni/san/shi/go/roku/shichi/ hachi/ ku or kyuu
   2. Wago suushi : Japanese origin, Native Japanese words, another name is Yamatokotoba  hito/futa/mi/yon/itsu/mu/nana/ya/kokono                
   3. More information about Wago and Kango written in Kanji-kana with furigana
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